By Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss
Acid-Base and Electrolyte instruction manual for Veterinary Technicians provides a simple to appreciate but entire method of acid-base and electrolyte balance.
- Covers the body structure of fluids and their impact on acid-base and electrolyte balance
- Offers specific details on dealing with acid-base and electrolyte derangements in disease
- Includes entry to a spouse site with case reviews and a number of selection questions
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Additional resources for Acid-Base and Electrolyte Handbook for Veterinary Technicians
Hillier, T. , Abbott, R. , & Barrett, E. J. (1999). Hyponatremia: Evaluating the correction factor for hyperglycemia. American Journal of Medicine 106(4): 399–403. King, J. D. & Rosner, M. H. (2010). Osmotic demyelination syndrome. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 339(6): 561–7. Kochevar, D. T. & Scott, M. M. (2013). Principles of acid‐base balance: Fluid and electrolyte therapy. In: J. E. Riviere & M. G. Papich (eds), Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Ames, IA: Wiley‐Blackwell: 605–46.
Hyperchloremia Increases in the chloride levels are often found in patients with metabolic acidosis. There is usually a normal anion gap and a decrease in the plasma bicarbonate concentration. In some cases, patients may have a pseudohyperchloremia due to potassium bromide administration (if electrode modalities are used), hemoglobinemia, lipemia, or bilirubinemia. Additionally, colorimetric assays cannot distinguish between hemoglobin and bilirubin and falsely high readings may result. 1). Artifactual changes are due to changes in free water.
In: S. P. ), Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid‐Base Disorders in Small Animal Practice. St Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders: 2–25. Chapter 3 Disorders of Chloride Meri Hall, RVT, LVT, CVT, LATG, VTS (SAIM) Chloride (Cl–), like all electrolytes, is distributed in the intracellular fluid (ICF), interstitial fluid (ISF), and extracellular fluid (ECF) spaces. Chloride is the strongest of the major anions in the mammalian body. It is the primary anion in ECF with the majority of it found in the plasma, accounting for approximately two‐ thirds of all anions in the ECF.